Based on university-level data, characteristics of industry-university linkages in Japan were examined. The results of statistical analysis present a contrasting picture regarding the characteristics of knowledge interactions according to the size of industrial partners. On the one hand, on the basis of direct connections, university-based scientists with high research potential are linked with large firms in broad areas through highly interactive spill-over channels such as joint research. On the other hand, through intermediaries of liaison offices, university-based scientists with low research potential are linked with small firms, through less interactive spill-over channels such as technical consultation.
Dr. Nobuya Fukugawa is a postdoctoral fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, based at the Graduate School of Commerce, Hitotsubashi University. His recent interest in research include determinants, impacts, and support measures of cooperative R&D between new technology-based firms (NTBFs) and universities.