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Nishogakusha University (conference site) & German Institute for Japanese Studies. Supported by the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, Japan Institute for Overseas Investment

Pathways to Innovation: Policies, Products, and Processes for Competitive Advantage in a Global Economy

20.05.2005 - 21.05.2005

Koordination: René Haak; Shigeki Tejima; Dennis Tachiki

Abriss

 Our conference discussion begins with a definition of “innovation” as the introduction of new or improved products, production techniques and organizational structures, as well as the discovery of new markets, and the use of new input factors (Schumpeter 1934).  Historically East Asian countries and companies tend to adopt innovations from developed countries (Kim 1997), but in recent years this region has moved beyond imitation to become a global manufacturing base.  Past studies have shown how this has led to increases in productivity and competitiveness (Porter 2002) and subsequently to economic growth (Pavitt 1999; Yusuf 2003).  Following these analytical threads, the particular focus of this conference is articulating the pathways to innovation.
Despite the best efforts of countries and companies to protect their intellectual property, innovation tends to migrate across organizational, national, and regional boundaries (Ernst 2003).  The rise of South Korea, Taiwan, China and India as locations for technology-intensive industries (e.g., electronics, software, etc.) leads us to question traditional “industrial upgrading” theories arguing that technology flows from developed to developing countries.  Re-examining the national and international nexus brings back into view how innovations can flow from developing countries to developed countries as well.  
Since most studies tend to examine the “structural” prerequisites for innovation, they neglect to “socially embed” the paths to innovation.  This embedded approach brings into relief the institutions and social actors necessary for innovation.  The role of policymakers, businesses, and universities/research institutes is important for understanding how the “rules of the game” facilitate and hinder the emergence of innovations.  Policymakers create “economic space” for new markets; entrepreneurs enter these nascent markets with new products.  We examine the role of policymakers and business people in separate sessions, followed by a session on the role of “public private partnerships” in creating pathways to innovation.  These exogenous factors then provide the context for understanding how variations in the “intra-firm” paths to innovation affect company performance.
When the rules of the game change what consequences does this have or not have on a country’s technological capacity?  Given our understanding of the policy instruments, economic institutions, and governance structures derived from this conference, the final session examines whether the pathways to innovation in developed and developing countries has led to economic development.  Pursuing this line of discussion during our conference should reveal future pathways to innovation and a better way of life.

Programm


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20.05.2005:
08:45 ~ Registration
09:30 – 10:00 OPENING SESSION
  Nishogakusha University
Kanichi Imanishi (President)

  German Institute for Japanese Studies
Florian Coulmas

  German Embassy
Thomas Schröder (Counsellor)

10:00 – 10:30 Session 1 - PATHWAYS TO INNOVATION
  Chair
Dennis Tachiki (Tamagawa University)

  Mutual Prosperity in Asia Through Innovation Slides
Shigeki Tejima (Nishogakusha University)

  Pathways to Innovation: Policies, Products, and Processes for Competitive Advantage in a Global Economy Slides
René Haak

10:30 - 11:00 Break
11:00 – 12:30 Session 2 - CONFIGURING INNOVATION SYSTEMS: Moving Beyond National and Organizational Boundaries
  Chair
Shigeki Tejima (Nishogakusha University)

  Internationalization of Innovation - Why is Chip Design Moving to Asia? Drivers and Policy Implications Slides
Dieter Ernst (East West Center)

  The Korean Innovation System: From Industrial Catch-Up to Technological Leadership? Slides
Martin Hemmert (Korea University)

  Changing National Innovation System of Japan? From Large Firms to Network System Slides
Kazuyuki Motohashi (University of Tokyo)

  Discussant
Markus Pudelko (University of Edinburgh Management School)

12:30 – 14:00 Lunch
14:00 – 15:30 Session 3 - BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRILOGY: Commercializing Information Technology, Biotechnology, and Nano-technology
  Chair
René Haak

  New IT Business Models in the ‘Asian Age’: Multilateral Collaboration and Business Innovation Slides
Kiyoshu Urakami (Urakami Asia Management Research)

  Introduction of Healthcare IT Solutions in the Japanese Market
Wolfgang Beitz (Siemens)

  The New Business Approach of Bayer Material Science
Georg Wiessmeier (Bayer AG)

  Discussant
Andreas Moerke

15:30 – 16:00 Break
16:00 – 17:00 Session 4 - DOES POLICY MATTER? The Scope and Limits to Innovation Policies
  White Biotech in Germany - Chances and Obstacles Slides
Klaus Bellman (University of Mainz)

  Intellectual Property Rights Strategies in Japan Slides
Ichiro Nakayama (Cabinet IP Promotion Office and Shinshu University)

  Discussant
Martin Hemmert (Korea University)

17:00 – 17:15 Summary (First Day)
  René Haak; Shigeki Tejima, Dennis Tachiki


21.05.2005:
10:30 – 12:00 Session 5 - PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS: Inter-firm, Industrial, and Geographical Clustering
  Chair
René Haak

  R&D and Innovation by Japanese Firms in Japan and Foreign Countries, Especially in Asian Countries Slides
Shigeki Tejima (Nishogakusha University)

  Industrial Clustering in the Chubu Region of Japan Slides
Seiichi Matsuyama (Chubu University)

  Discussant
Masatsugu Tsuji (Osaka University)

12:00 – 13:30 Lunch
13:30 – 15:00 Session 6 - ORGANIZING FOR INNOVATION: Company Strategies and Market Performance
  Chair
Lorenz Granrath (Fraunhofer Society)

  Antecedents of Innovation Performance at the Firm Level Slides
Holger Ernst (Otto Beisheim Graduate School of Management)

  Impact of Behavioural Factors on Innovation Performance. An Evolutionary Approach with a Simulation Model for IT-Companies in Japan and Germany Slides
Monika Friedrich-Nishio (University of Karlsruhe)

  Corporate R&D Activity Today in Japan
Yoshihide Ishiyama (Chiba University of Commerce)

  Discussant
Dennis Tachiki (Tamagawa University)

15:00 – 15:30 Break
15:30 – 17:00 Session 7 - CONSEQUENCES OF INNOVATION: Re-thinking Pathways to Economic Development
  Chair
Manfred Hoffman (German Chamber of Commerce and Industry)

  How Different Cultures and Business Systems Translate into Different Pathways to Innovation: A Comparative Analysis of USA and Japan Slides
Markus Pudelko (University of Edinburgh Management School)

  The China Phenomena and South Korean Turmoil: What’s Wrong with Traditional Theories of Development? Slides
Toshiyuki Tamura (Nishogakusha University)

  Industrial Agglomeration: Facts and Lessons for Developing Countries Slides
Masatsugu Tsuji (Osaka University)

  Discussant
Dieter Ernst (East West Center)

17:00 CLOSING SESSION
  René Haak; Shigeki Tejima, Dennis Tachiki

Veranstaltungsort

Tyuusyuu Memorial Hall
Nishogakusha University
6-16 Sanbancho
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8336
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