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Pan-Asianism in Modern Japanese History: Colonialism, Regionalism and Borders (Pan-Asianismus in der modernen japanischen Geschichte: Kolonialismus, Regionalismus und Grenzen)

Conference Languages: Japanese and English (simultaneous translation provided)

Supported by: The Japan Foundation

29.11.2002 - 30.11.2002

Koordination: Sven Saaler

Abriss

In the decade since the end of the Cold War, regionalization has become of increasing global importance. In the search for a new world order, regionalism seems to offer a stepping-stone toward international cooperation in an era when national approaches remain unsatisfactory and universal ideas are still far from being realized. Europe is widely seen as the pioneer in regional integration and the quest to overcome the nation state, with North America following closely, at least in terms of economic integration. However, when it comes to the institutional manifestation of transnational ties, regional cooperation and integration in Asia seems to make less progress. New approaches such as the ASEAN+3 initiative, for example, still seem burdened by the legacies of the past. An important aspect of this past is the ideology of Pan-Asianism, which served not only as the basis for early efforts at regional integration in East Asia, but also a tool for legitimising Japanese colonial rule. With this past experience in mind, this conference proposes to explore the ideology of Pan-Asianism (or Asianism) as a predecessor of contemporary Asian regionalism, thereby bringing historical perspective to bear on approaches to regional cooperation and integration, as well as to analyse various utilizations and manifestations of Pan-Asian ideology. Moreover, the conference aims at analysing the relationship of historical Pan-Asian ideology to the much-noted phenomenon of “Asian values,” and at demonstrating that Pan-Asianism remains a persistent force in Japanese thought and foreign policy.
The concept of a Pan-movement actually originated within the framework of European history and thus may seem inappropriate for analysing an aspect of Asian history. However, as early as the late 19th century the term “Pan-Asianism” or “Asianism,” was in wide use in Japanese media coverage, intellectual discourse, and foreign policy planning. Pan-Asianism subsequently manifested itself in a wide variety of forms. While it certainly functioned as a tool for legitimizing Japanese colonial rule in East Asia and as an ideological foundation for Japanese regional hegemony, there is more to Pan-Asianism than this very common yet one-dimensional interpretation of self-interested political utilization. Pan-Asian ideology also served as a means to mobilize Asian peoples in their struggle for independence from colonial rule and as an instrument to construct a regional identity in opposition to “the West.” Furthermore, Pan-Asian rhetoric is still widely employed today, perhaps most notably in the quest to define so-called “Asian values” in response to a supposed universality of Western thought. Considered from this perspective, the phenomenon of Pan-Asianism seems to possess a stronger “transnational” character than European Pan-movements and, when employed in efforts to establish a collective regional identity, to cut across nation-state boundaries and appeal to certain cohesive cultural factors, e.g. language/script, religion, shared historical experience, geography, and race. By addressing these aspects of Pan-Asianism in Japan from the late 19th century until the post-World War II period, this conference aims at making both an empirical and a theoretical contribution to the study of Pan-Asianism and the historical background of regionalism in general, and to stimulating future research in the field. Participants will include researchers from the fields of history, political science, social science and Japanese studies.

Programm


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29.11.2002:
9:00-9:30 Opening
  Opening Remarks
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit

  Introduction
Sven Saaler

9:30-11:30 Panel 1
Pan-Asianism in Comparative Perspective
  Chair
Isa Ducke

  Pan-Europeanism in Comparative Perspective
Harald Kleinschmidt (Tsukuba University)

[ Details ]



  German Cosmopolitan Ideals in the Political Philosophy of Japanese
John Namjun Kim (Cornell University)

[ Details ]



  The European Integration and East Asia
Romano Vulpitta (Kyôto Sangyô University)

[ Details ]



  Discussant
Rolf-Harald Wippich (Sophia University)

11:30-13:00 Lunch Break
13:00-15:00 Panel 2
Creating a Regional Identity: Ideal and Reality
  Chair:
Andrea Germer

  The Pan-Asianism of the Kōa-kai and of Ueki Emori
Kuroki Morifumi (Fukuoka International University)

[ Details ]



  Buddhism and Pan-Asianism
Li Narangoa (Australian National University)

[ Details ]



  The Imperial Army's View of Asian Regionalism
Nojima (Katô) Yôko (Tokyo University)

[ Details ]



  Discussant
Sakai Tetsuya (Tokyo University)

15:00-15:30 Coffee Break
15:30-17:30 Panel 3
Regionalism, Nationalism and Ethnocentrism
  Chair
Rolf-Harald Wippich (Sophia University)

  "The Inferiority of Asia": The Taishô 'Civilization Critics' and Regional Integration
Dick Stegewerns (Ôsaka Sangyo University)

[ Details ]



  "Women Pan-Asianists are the Worst": Internationalism and Pan-Asianism in the Careers of Inoue Hideko and Inoue Masaji
Michael A. Schneider (Knox College)

[ Details ]



  Between Pan-Asianism and Japanese Nationalism: Mitsukawa Kametarô and His Campaign to Reform Japan and Liberate Asia
Christopher Szpilman (Takushoku University)

[ Details ]



  Discussant
Sven Saaler

17:30-18:00 Discussion

30.11.2002:
9:30-12:00 Panel 4
Creating a Regional Hegemony: Japan’s Quest for a ‘New Order’
  Chair
Monika Schrimpf

  Visions of a Virtuous New Order: Yasuoka Masahiro and the Kingly Way
Roger Brown (University of Southern California)

[ Details ]



  The Concept of Ethnic Nationality and its Role in Pan-Asianism in Imperial Japan
Kevin Doak (Georgetown University)

[ Details ]



  Pan-Germanism Meets Pan-Asianism: Nazi Germany and Japan's Greater East Asia Policy
Gerhard Krebs (Free University Berlin)

[ Details ]



  Discussant
Hatano Sumio (Tsukuba University)

12:00-13:30 Lunch Break
13:30-14:30 Panel 5
Pan-Asianism Adjusted: Wartime to Postwar
  Chair
Sven Saaler

  'Constructing Destiny': Rôyama Masamichi and Asian Community in Wartime Japan
Victor Koschmann (Cornell University)

[ Details ]



  Pan-Asianism in International Relations: Prewar, Postwar, Present
Hatsuse Ryûhei (Kyôto Women’s University)

[ Details ]



14:30-15:00 Coffee Break
15:00-16:30 Panel 5 (continued)
  The Postwar Intellectuals' View of "Asia"
Oguma Eiji (Keiô University)

[ Details ]



  Overcoming Colonialism in Bandung
Kristine Dennehy (California State University, Fullerton)

[ Details ]



  Discussant
Fujiwara Kiichi (Tôkyô University)

16:30-17:30 Final Discussion
  Closing Remarks
Miwa Kimitada, Prof. Emer. Sophia University

Veranstaltungsort

Tokyo International Exchange Center, Plaza Heisei, Media Hall

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