Schalow also addresses the role of gendered perspective in shaping an author's depictions of male friendship. In texts by male authors, male friendship is constructed according to a man-to-man bipolar model and entirely excludes the feminine. In texts by female authors, by contrast, depictions of male friendship are fundamentally triangular; women always play a central and enabling role in the enactment of intimacy between men.
Paul Schalow is Associate Professor of Japanese at the Department of Asian Languages and Culture at Rutgers University. He is member of the Women's and Gender Studies Program and in the Graduate Program in Comparative Literature. He has published widely on gendered aspects of Japanese Literature, Religion and on Male Love including a translation of Ihara Saikaku's The Great Mirror of Male Love. In print is his latest work, co-edited with Yoshida Shuji Alcoholic Beverages in Japanese Civilization.