In the market of economists, Japan is not yet ready to provide competent talent, though international organizations and research institutions place high expectations on contributions from Japan. The number of legal professionals, including patent lawyers, is also low in Japan, with the result that settlements of legal disputes take a long time. The same is true for journalism. Japanese media organizations employ competent graduates of four-year colleges, but have yet to develop educational and training systems for enhancing journalistic professionalism. In several fields, Japan is less committed than other industrialized countries to nurturing professional employees.
Inoki Takenori is professor at the International Research Center for Japanese Studies in Kyōto and professor emeritus at Ōsaka University. He earned his Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1974 and specializes in labor economics, the history of economic thought and recently in questions relating to human resources and the reform of the Japanese civil service. He is author of Aspects of German Peasant Emigration to the U.S., 1815-1914 (Arno Press, 1981); Keizai shisō (Economic thought, Iwanami Shoten, 1987); Keizai seichō no kajitsu: 1955-1972 Chūō Kōron Shinsha, 2000); and co-editor of Jinzai keisei no kokusai hikaku (1987, English edition Skill Formation in Japan and Southeast Asia, University of Tokyo Press, 1991); ‘Tenshoku’ no keizaigaku (The economics of ‘job transfer’, Tōkyō Keizai Shinpōsha, 2001).