This paper seeks to explain the variations in the extent of postwar reconstruction across Japanese prefectures ten years after World War II. Existing studies point to the importance of economic resources and a coherent state apparatus in promoting effective reconstruction. This paper argues that because reconstruction inherently requires coordination between state and society, a full explanation for the extent of reconstruction must examine the linkages between state and society, especially civil society. The paper tests this proposition using newly assembled data from 47 prefectures.
Rieko Kage is Associate Professor in political science at the Graduate School of Law, Kobe University.